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ASO-S additionally passes Kuafu-1, in honor of a large in Chinese language mythology who chased the Solar with the will to catch and tame it. The satellite tv for pc will observe from a sun-synchronous orbit 720 km above the Earth’s floor.
As a part of its 11-year photo voltaic cycle, the Solar produces phenomena resembling sunspots, photo voltaic flares, and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). ASO-S’s most important directive is to review the elemental physics of the Solar, observing these flares as they happen. The probe will take simultaneous readings from all of its devices, permitting scientists to higher perceive “the buildup of magnetic vitality and its eruptive launch throughout flares and CMEs.”
The mission will final no less than 4 years, stated Weiqun Gan, an astrophysicist on the Chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) Purple Mountain Observatory in Nanjing, and the mission’s chief scientist. Meaning will probably be operational throughout the 2024-25 peak of our present photo voltaic cycle.
ASO-S to review photo voltaic climate, physics
Whereas China has launched single-instrument photo voltaic probes earlier than, Kuafu-1 tops all of them with its three-instrument suite. The orbiter carries “the Full Disk Vector Magnetograph (FMG), Arduous X-ray Imager (HXI), and Lyman-Alpha Photo voltaic Telescope (LST),” in accordance with CAS.
With these devices, the orbiter can research the solar’s center corona, a area the place photo voltaic storms originate. No different photo voltaic observatory, on the bottom or in orbit, has but studied this area within the ultraviolet band. However the ASO-S orbiter may work at the side of different orbiting photo voltaic observatories, resembling NASA’s Parker Photo voltaic Probe or the European Area Company’s Photo voltaic Orbiter.
Whereas operational, ASO-S will produce about 5 hundred gigabytes of information daily of its four-year operational lifespan. We will not wait to see what scientists do with it, as soon as they’ll ship that information to their supercomputer or AI of alternative. “In these peak years we will see numerous eruptions,” Gan stated. What we study might assist us refine our fashions of relativity and quantum physics.
The ASO-S staff will take between 4 and 6 months to get the probe up and working. Later, just like the JWST, will probably be open to the general public.
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On the Shoulders of Giants: China Launches Its Own Solar Observatory